Four sutras about yoga. The fourth sutra.
Just about reaching the states.
Terms: Meditative analysis, Karmic canvas, Karmic error, Mu-ladhara chakra, Svadhisthana chakra, Manipura chakra, Anahata chakra, Vishudha chakra, Ajna chakra, Sahasrara chakra, Kundalini, Prana, Sushumna, Chakra status, Chakra realization.
4.1. Each person who appears in your Life, brings a state with him. This condition affects you. Such an effect provokes a response in you. This response changes your state. In this way, Fate draws you into certain situations.
4.2. Each situation carries a special state. This particular state binds a person to a certain wheel of Samsara. Attachment of the Personality to a certain wheel of Samsara forms Karma. This is the status of “unconscious choice”. Any unconscious choice is an attachment to the wheels of Samsara.
4.3. The states of awareness are what every follower should strive for.
4.4. A state of awareness gives us the opportunity to make choices in our Fate.
4.5. Achieving a state of awareness comes to us through a meditative analysis of the actions of the past.
4.6. The skill of awareness of one’s Life experience appears naturally, after a meditative analysis of one’s decisions and their consequences.
4.7. Such an analysis reflects, as in a mirror, our wisdom or stupidity. The adherent’s attitude to these two opposite qualities should be equally calm. Wisdom is manifested in the correct perception of one’s actions that have already been completed. Mistakes should be perceived as a way of finding your own wisdom. And nothing more. Mistakes of the past is a natural process of Personality development. This process cannot be good or bad.
4.8. The state of conscious Life experience is a way of accepting one’s mistakes as a necessity for gaining wisdom. Perception of one’s Destiny, as a movie, consisting of tests, separates Karma from our consciousness.
4.9. According to the law of Karma, one has to suffer through own mistakes. A meditative analysis of one’s own mistakes opens the path to wisdom. Every life’s mistake is a small fragment of the Karmic canvas. The practice of awareness of life experience provides a vision of many fragments simultaneously. Having a vision of many fragments will show the way to correct your Karmic mistakes. Correction of one’s Karmic mistakes leads the Person out of this wheel of Samsara. Freedom (even partial freedom) from the wheel of Samsara creates a state of Happiness. The full state of Freedom is called Kaivalya, but this is the achievement of a completely different status. This status is difficult to achieve without the experience of moving from Suffering to Happiness. Without this path, the found Freedom will be lost with each new addition of the Karmic canvas.
4.10. The skill of building your social Happiness. This topic begins with “laws”. Thus, part of the discipline “Yogic Law”, which refers to the “building of your social happiness”.
4.11. On someone else’s misfortune happiness cannot be built. In order to see one’s happiness, one must find grief. You cannot buy happiness and love in the market. Each blacksmith of his own happiness. Do not be born beautiful but be born happy. Who scolds life – that does not know happiness? Look for new happiness, but do not lose the old. To be afraid of grief – not to see happiness. Happiness without brain – a leaky bag. Happiness is hard to find, but easy to lose. Do not envy someone else’s happiness. Where happiness is – there is bad weather. Where happiness is, there is envy.
4.12. All of these laws govern specific life situations. To perceive these laws, we need a base of negative life experience. Each of these laws is “tied” to its wheel of Samsara.
4.13. For example, the wheel of Samsara named Envy. Laws: “Don’t envy someone else’s happiness”, “Don’t count someone else’s money”, “Don’t envy someone else’s talent (success, luck, wealth, beauty, etc.)”. Object of influence: the consciousness of people who emotionally react to other people’s ad-vantages. The illusion of implementation: instead of achieving practical best practices that lead to the same benefits – the “envious” (the captive of the wheel of Samsara – automatic wheel) spends a huge amount of personal energy to obtain the same benefits. “Envious” believes that his “object of envy” can be obtained “in a short way”: through the death of the copyright holder, through robbery, through deception. That is, in a way contrary to the five rules of Yama. Not to reach through labor or suffering, but to receive. A positive teacher’s aspect: envy, as such, in its essence, still leads its “robot” to the realization of falseness of the path traveled. Such a path always goes through suffering. Passed by the “robot” situation, develop a “captive of the wheel”. Achievements of the “envious” often turn against himself. Thus, Understanding and Awareness of one’s mistakes appears. Awareness of errors leads to the Spiritual development of the Per-son.
4.14. To begin to “build” (forge) your happiness, you need to determine (diagnose) what you already have. According to the law: “Look for new happiness, but do not lose old”. To do this, you can use the usual chakra diagnosis. The happiness of the Muladhara Chakra is your home (real estate, property, possessions). Happiness of Svadhisthana is a constant sexual search, achievement of inaccessible sexual objects, getting a new sexual experience. Manipura’s happiness is realization in management, accumulation of money, victory and war (including economic wars with competitors). The happiness of Anahata is love, compassion, joy to any natural phenomena. The happiness of Vishudha is the joy of creativity, the realization of the desire for usefulness to society, own spiritual growth. Ajna’s happiness is victory over yourself. Victory over your body and mind. The happiness of the Sahasrara is the receipt of ideas, the feeling of the Higher mind, understanding beyond the boundaries of sensory perception.
4.15. To begin to “build” (forge) your happiness, you need to master the diagnosis of your physiology. This is a different view of happiness. A view in terms of hormone production: serotonin, dopamine, endorphins, etc. What situations increase your hormonal (in terms of happiness) background? What gives you a state of “anticipation”, “soaring”, “excitement”, etc.?
4.16. The skill of maintaining the states of ordinary social Happiness. Everyone is trying to keep (maintain) their social happiness. Different people (with different backgrounds) do it differently. The skill of “keeping” one’s happiness is similar to the skill of “keeping” one’s attention on one subject. Therefore, between the Path of Life and the Path in Yoga there are analogies.
4.17. Personal Happiness cannot be hold by pretensions and emotions. Just because pretensions and emotions are states of the lowest status. The state of Happiness has a status much higher than the state of pretensions, or envy. Therefore, the state of Happiness can be kept by INTERNAL WORK ON YOURSELF.
4.18. In addition to achieving a state of Awareness and building a state of Happiness, there is another type of state that an adherent must experience. This is the state of Love.
4.19. The skill of finding your Love. Each of our Chakras has its own secret energy. Naturally, each energy has its own Source. Everyone knows about the secret energy of the Muladhara Chakra, which is called – Kundalini. But the secret (hidden) energy, Light – is in every Chakral space. The heart Chakra, Anahata, also has its own Light. The energy of this Light is manifested as Love. Few people know about the sources of chakra energies.
4.20. Many confuse the energy of the sexual Chakra, Svadhisthana, with Love. Love and sex drive are different energies. Sexual attraction may “open” the heart (Anahata Chakra), but not ignite the Anahata Fire. Such “love” quickly passes. And, each of you can have a similar life experience.
4.21. Love comes by itself when a person tries to search for the state of Love in his heart. Such a “search” initiates the Anahata Chakra Fire.
4.22. The skill of initiating such a Fire is achieved by practice.
4.23. Awareness of the state of Love according to the Chakras. Oddly enough, but Love begins with Affection. The affections of each chakra are similar to the states of Happiness – 4.14. Love for one’s home (attachment to one’s home) is a state of Social dependence. All states of Social Dependence are Attachments to external objects through which one can influence the states of the adept.
4.24. The influence on the state of the adept through his Affection is determined by the personal attitude of the adept to the objects themselves. House is ownership (Muladhara). Sexual relationships – attachment and commitment (Svadhisthana). Cash accumulation, own business (school, business), financial and property obligations (Manipura). All variants of Love in the lower Chakras determine the addiction (Attachment) of the adept. Any social achievement in the three lower Chakras may be subject to social pressure. Be the object of envy. Accumulate other negative emotions. Therefore, adepts rarely cultivate the state of Love in the space of the three lower Chakras.
4.25. Of the seven human Chakras, the heart (Anahata) is the “intermediate” Chakra between the “lower” and “upper”. All Chakras can be subjected to social pressure, but the states of Love of Anahata, Vishudha, Ajna, Sahasrara are not material and it is difficult to choose (appropriate, possess, sell, use) them.
4.26. Therefore, the process of “raising the Kundalini” from the Muladhara Chakra is similar (in some aspect) to the process of Castaneda’s change of “assembly point” as a method of “concentration of Attention”. Adept tries to accumulate his energy outside the “reach” of any “social Attachments”. And the “reach zone” (the possibility of direct social impact) is located in the heart Chakra and higher. Therefore, the energies of the body (including Kundalini) are recommended to move up.
4.27. The well-known technique of “connecting Prana with Apana” has similar goals. By pushing Prana down, while pushing Apana up. The purpose of such an action is to unite energies, purify Sushumna, create conditions for “pulling out” Kundalini from its secret refuge in Muladhara Chakra.
4.28. And the Kundalini energy itself, by definition, is “tied”. And this is the same Affection that Patanjali wrote about. After all, each Kundalini (basic energy) is “tied” to its Lingam (creative Force, the natural pro-gram of “continuation of the Family”). And no matter how much the adept tries to “raise” this “basic energy” upwards through exercises and practices, she (Kundalini) will always find a way to return. Attachments ALWAYS bring us back to our “starting position”. As water flows always down. Like fire always burns up.
4.29. As long as the adept follows his subconscious program of “continuation of the Family”, the symbolic connection (Affection) of the Kundalini to his Lingam (program) is extremely strong.
4.30. Awareness of personal “Chakra Status”. Each achieved by work and practice (work on oneself, self-improvement), Chakra status, creates its own unique state. Conditionally, and for ease of understanding, we will show three stages of the state of “Chakral Status”. Since the Chakras are not visible with ordinary eyesight, the criteria for determining the “Chakra Status” should be simple and understandable without the use of any superpowers.
4.31. Chakras “show” themselves in ordinary social life – in human behavior in society. This is the very first (initial, social) stage of human Chakral realization. The chakras “show” themselves in the “practice of inner concentration”, which determines the “position of the assembly point” (according to Castaneda) or the Spiritual realization of the Personality of the adept. Naturally, the “position of the assembly point” must correspond to the Spiritual needs of the adept (according to the Maslow pyramid). The Chakras “show” themselves in “reaching the sources of Chakra energies”. Unfortunately, this status is invisible from the level of the first (initial) stage. The reason is a huge difference in development. As a beginner chess player does not see what the grand-master sees on the board. And this is completely natural.
4.32. The first stage of the Chakral realization of a person (social behavior) can be (conditionally) divided into three sub-stages. When all the Chakras are in a negative emotional state. When all the chakras are in a state of internal balance and maintain a balance of positive and negative emotional energies. When all Chakras radiate a state of Happiness and Light.
4.33. The second stage of the Chakral realization of a person demonstrates his accentuation of attention, inside his own Chakral system. That is, the status of its Assembly Point. For example, a student can study diligently, but in the evenings and during weekends disappear in the gym to pump muscles. Where is the emphasis in this case? Study – Vishudha or body – Muladhara? A mentor can give lectures on the search for the Atman, but at the same time regularly hint that help in “such a search” is very expensive. Where is the emphasis in this case? On the Sahasrara (or Anahata) or on Manipur? A politician promises to defeat corruption, and he stuffs his pockets… Where is the emphasis in this case? On Ajna or on Manipur?
4.34. Is there an adept’s fault in such inconsistencies? No. If he frankly believes in his sermons but carries in himself (in the depths of his subconscious) unworked programs. Yes. If he openly lies from the scene about Love and Development, and he (after lectures) “lives to the fullest”, forgetting about Tapas and Concentration.
4.35. The discrepancy between the “head” and the “tail” is easily diagnosed for many adepts, mentors, teachers of theological schools, and other orthodox or copyright traditions. This situation just needs to be accepted. After all, every army has its own vanguard and convoy.
4.36. In these cases, the author uses “tail” diagnostics. “Life to the fullest” – means attachment to the Pleasures – Svadhisthana. Concentration on your body is Muladhara. Financial interest in any activity – Manipura. Therefore, any adept’s practice of “working out his tails” raises the status of “Assembly Points” at the Second stage of the Chakral realization.
4.37. “Achieving the Sources of Chakra Energies” is the final stage of the Chakral realization in the practice of attaining the states of the Chakral status. The chakra source cannot be manifested (used) in the Social space (world). Therefore, those who have achieved this status have practically no ordinary, human, social needs. Otherwise, the “rulers of the human world of the planet” would have long possessed these sources. Nevertheless, these sources are in each of us.
4.38. Any aspect of Chakral development, starting with the status of the Second stage of Chakral realization, leads the adept to the question of the meaning of Life. The skill of awareness of the “meaning of Life” is a state of consciousness that is achieved through meditative practice at different stages of yoga.
4.39. The concept of “Human Mission on Earth”. When the adept’s consciousness is aimed at searching for the “meaning of Life”, the state of the Mission on Earth and the search for such a state is achieved by the adept in a natural way, as a result of meditative practice.
4.40. Everyone should find (choose) their Mission.
4.41. The development (implementation) of his Mission on Earth, gives the adept knowledge of many wheels of Samsara.
4.42. Thinking (meditation) on the completed wheels of Samsara (meditation on one’s Destiny) leads the adept to the state of a conscious “Life mission”.
4.43. The state of a conscious “Life Mission” leads to an understanding of Attachments (according to Patanjali) and dead ends in the practice of yoga. When the “dead ends” are completed (worked out), the adept acquires the skill of Recognizing the false from the true. When such a state of consciousness is reached, the goals of Raja Yoga manifest themselves.
4.44. The states of Raja Yoga. Achieved with conscious (or naturally achieved) fixation of the second stage of the Chakral status not lower than Anahata. They are achieved in the absence of Attachments to one’s personal History (according to Castaneda), or after attaining the state of a conscious “Life Mission” in meditative practice on one’s Destiny. Other ways of working with attachments are possible, but the mere presence of ordinary human needs (according to Maslow) prevents the attainment of Raja yoga states.
4.45. The position of “living to the fullest” means for the adept – getting maximum pleasure from the sens-es. Which contradicts the definition of Pratyahara as “the practice of disconnecting consciousness from the senses”. Which contradicts the concept of “Tapas” as part of the second stage of yoga, Niyama.
4.46. The position of “maximizing profits” binds any mentor, teacher, healer to achieve the initial (social) status of the Manipura chakra, which simultaneously blocks (prevents) the achievement by the adept of the Chakra status of the Anahata chakra and above.
4.47. The position of “changing the text of the translation of the “Yoga Sutra” for oneself “, or according to the needs of one’s listeners, attaches the adept to the violation of Satya and blocks the attainment of Raja yoga states in practice.
4.48. One can name hundreds of such “life positions” (ideologies) that block the achievement of any states of Raja yoga. But, each of these “vital positions” is demonstrated to the adept by his Destiny for a specific purpose. This goal is the “practice of Recognition” (according to Patanjali).
4.49. “The Yoga Sutra” describes the SIX STATES of Raja yoga, of which the adept must be warned. Warned before starting his Path to Raja yoga. Warned with a purpose of accepting CONSCIOUS CHOICE.
4.50. Therefore, as the achievement of any states of Raja yoga, it changes the personality of the adept, his psychology, psyche, and perception of the world around him. Knowledge of terminology, philosophy, sequence of exercises – this is the practice of Initiation of the adept. At the same time, the psyche of the adept remains normal from the point of view of ordinary (social) human communication. A qualitative change in the perception of the outside world after the practice of raja yoga is called Initiation. A change in perception changes the personality, life goals and values, attitude to the usual (social) space.
4.51. Pratyahara is the first stage (state) of Raja yoga. Means “disconnection of consciousness from the senses”. Dharana is the second stage (state) of Raja yoga. Means “a steady concentration of consciousness ON ONE object”. Sustainable, but not long. Dhyana is the third stage (state) of Raja yoga. Means “sustained, long-term concentration ON ONE object”. Samadhi is the fourth stage of Raja yoga (or the eighth stage of Yoga). Means “complete fusion of consciousness with the object of meditation”. There are three degrees of depth of “immersion” in the state of Samadhi.
4.52. According to many authors, Samadhi is the “ultimate goal” of yoga practice. Maybe this is so, but from the point of view of the author of this text, the “Yoga Sutra” should be able to read to the end. In-deed, in the fourth chapter, Patanjali describes two more states of raja yoga. The names of these states are Samyama and Kaivalya.
4.53. Samyama is a combination of the results of the last three steps of Raja Yoga into one, UNIFIED PRACTICE. The union of Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi. According to Patanjali, it is precisely this practice that re-veals the adept’s Superpowers. Samyama is the fifth state of Raja yoga that Patanjali describes.
4.54. If the author of the “Yoga Sutra”, Patanjali, has reached the state of Samyama, then perhaps he still “lives among us”? How else can one explain the preservation of this text for 2100 years? And the perception of these two questions as revelation, or, as sarcasm, depends only on your choice.
4.55. Kaivalya is independence, the eighth state of Raja yoga that Patanjali describes. This is a state of complete Freedom, or “independence from all-Natural Forces”. This is INDEPENDENCE from all attachments, achievements, including the achievement of any Superpowers.
4.56. Sutra Four, the lecture “Four Sutras on Yoga”, is completed.
Translation from Russian into English: AD Consulting LLC